Medical Marijuana Terms
Words You Will Hear, Words You Need To Know
There are may words and terms that you will be introduced to
when it comes to Medical Marijuana. Here are some of the more commonly used
terms or words that are used in association with marijuana and its medicinal
α-Bisabolol (alpha-bisabolol) - A natural monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol.
α-pinene (alpha-pinene) - A bicyclic monoterpene.
β-caryophyllene (beta-caryophyllene) - A sesquiterpene.
β-myrcene - A monoterpene.
Cannabinoids - Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds
unique to cannabis that act upon the human body’s cannabinoid receptors,
producing various effects which may benefit patients. Cannabis’ primary
cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is responsible for the
psychoactive effects (or the high). There are over 85 known cannabinoids with
Cannabis - Cannabis is a plant genus that produces three
species of flowering plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis
ruderalis. All three species are used to produce medical cannabis.
Caryophyllene Oxide - A sesquiterpene.
CBD - CBD is the abbreviation of cannabidiol, one of at
least 85 cannabinoids found in cannabis, and is the second most prevalent
cannabinoid after THC. Research has shown that CBD produces a physical effect
without the psychoactive effects (the high) associated with THC.
Concentrates - Concentrates are a potent consolidation of
cannabinoids made by dissolving cannabis in its plant form into a solvent.
Referred to by a variety of slang terms, the classification of concentrates is
often dependent on the manufacturing method and the consistency of the final
Edibles/Medibles - Edibles and medibles are edible goods
that have been infused with cannabis extracts. They are commonly baked goods
such as cookies and brownies, but can also be flavoured drinks, breads, candies
and more. Edibles have a slower effect than other delivery methods since the
cannabinoids first must be absorbed through the digestive system.
Flowers - Cannabis flowers are the hairy, sticky,
crystal-covered bits that are harvested and dried to be used as medication.
When they are allowed to be fertilized by male plants, these flowers will
produce cannabis seeds. If not, they will continue to produce the resin that
contains active cannabinoids until they are harvested or begin to die.
Hemp - Hemp is a fibrous product that can be produced from
the male cannabis plant and can be used in the manufacture of rope, paper,
beauty products and more.
Humulene - A monocyclic sesquiterpene.
Hybrid - Hybrid cannabis plants are a genetic cross between
two or more separate strains of cannabis. Hybrids can happen unintentionally,
but they are usually bred specifically to combine desired traits of the
original plants. Most cannabis available today is some form of hybrid.
Indica - Indica is used to refer to the Cannabis indica
species of cannabis. Generally these plants originated in the Middle East and
Asia. Compared to their Sativa counterparts, Indica plants are shorter and
bushier, and have more compact flower structure.
Limonene - A terpene.
Linalool - A terpene alcohol.
Marijuana/Marihuana - Marijuana is the general term for
female cannabis plants or their dried flowers. Females are distinct from male
plants in that they produce flowers containing a high percentage of
Nerolidol - A sesquiterpene also known as peruviol.
Pinene - A bicyclic monoterpene.
Sativa - Sativa refers to the Cannabis sativa species of
cannabis plant. In general, these plants originated outside of the Middle East
and Asia and include strains from South America, the Caribbean, Africa and
Thailand. These strains tend to grow taller than indicas, are lighter in colour
and take longer to flower.
Strain - A strain is a specific variety of a plant species.
Cannabis strains are developed to produce distinct desired traits. Cannabis
strain names often reflect the plant’s appearance, effects or place of origin.
Terpenes - Terpenes modify the effects of THC and other
cannabinoids, augmenting a strain’s medicinal properties. Cannabis strains can
be distinguished by the variety of terpenes they produce.
THC - THC is an abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol. THC
is the most well-known and most abundantly available cannabinoid in cannabis
plants. THC is also the component in cannabis that is responsible for the
psychoactive effects or high. Research has shown THC to be an effective medical
treatment for a range of conditions.
Tincture - A tincture is a liquid cannabis extract, usually
made with alcohol or glycerol, that is often administered with a dropper.
Tinctures can be flavored and are usually placed under the tongue, where they
are absorbed quickly.
Topical - A topical is a cannabis product where the active
properties of the flowers have been extracted and added to a product such as a
lotion or a cream that is applied to the skin.
Trichomes - Trichomes are the resin production glands of the
cannabis plant. THC, CBD and other cannabinoids are produced in these glands.
Vaporizer - A vaporizer is a device used to consume
cannabis. It heats either flowers or cannabis-infused oils to a temperature
that produces a cannabinoid-laced vapour to inhale. Vaporizing is healthier
than smoking since there is no smoke to ingest, but this method still produces
almost instantaneous effects.
Wax - Wax is a form of concentrate.
Weed - Weed is a slang term for cannabis.